Top 10 Pediatric Residency Programs, Requirements, and Tuition

Okoma V.
12 Min Read

This article gives you a summary of what pediatric residency programs are and a list of the best 10 you can enroll in if you wish.

Pediatrics is a fascinating branch of medicine. In fact, some recent graduates choose to specialize in it immediately after graduating from medical school.


Pediatric medicine is the medical specialty that is in charge of children’s health care. The typical pediatric patient ranges from infants to children and adolescents under the age of 18.

What is a Pediatric Residency Program?

Arrangements usually occur around the final year of medical school for new doctors to apply for a residency program of their choice.

A pediatric residency program is a post-graduate training program for new MD (Doctor of Medicine) holders that delves deeply into the specialty of Pediatric Medicine. This time will vastly improve your medical knowledge and clinical skills.


Throughout the residency program, a resident must be present for clinical rotations and ward rounds with the team.

Furthermore, pediatric residents must commit to learning diagnostic techniques and treatment plans for a variety of patient cases.

However, once admitted, you’re literally working, acquiring knowledge, and enhancing while earning.

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What do Pediatric Residents do?

A resident usually starts early and reads the medical or surgical reports from the night before. The junior doctors then reveal previous or latest cases, and the patients on appointment go to you.


A pediatric resident attends lectures and closely follows the senior doctors during ward rounds in the hospital, in addition to the duties and obligations of a pediatrician doctor that were briefly highlighted in the opening paragraph.

How much does a Pediatric Resident Make?

According to Glassdoor, pediatricians earn an average base salary of $163,116 per year. Of course, this is the national average for pediatric doctors in the United States, but it varies depending on where you live.

If you stay in Los Angeles, your living expenses will be higher, and thus your salary will be higher, than if you stay in Georgia.

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According to the report, statistical studies show a 2% increase in job opportunities for pediatricians between the years 2018 and 2028.

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How Much Does it Cost to Join Pediatric Residency Programs?

An average Pediatric Residency Program will cost between $50,000 and $85,000. This varies greatly depending on the residency program you choose.

In addition, you’ll have to pay an Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) fee when you apply.

What Requirements do You Need To Apply For Top Pediatric Residency Programs?

To become a pediatrician, you must first complete your undergraduate studies and obtain a bachelor’s degree in a science-related field (BSc).

The degree will provide you with the prerequisite knowledge, which will help you refine your study habits as you prepare for the next exam, the MCAT.

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MCAT stands for Medical College Admission Test, and you may choose to take it while completing your BSc.


After that, you can apply to medical schools through the AMCAS website or the school’s own website portal. If your MCAT and undergraduate grades are strong, your chances of acceptance increases.

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Top 10 Pediatric Residency Programs

1. University of Pennsylvania

The main medical school and teaching hospital, founded in 1765, is the Perelman School of Medicine.

The School is the country’s oldest medical school, and its Department of Pediatrics is fully operational.

The program of course is full-time and the tuition fee is about $64,985.


In collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, it offers Pediatrics and Genetics programs.

2. Harvard University

Harvard University’s pediatric residency program is excellent. It was frequently ranked first in previous years but is now ranked second in 2021.

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Nonetheless, it is one of the best pediatric residency programs to attend. Harvard University, as one of the most prestigious universities, provides its resident doctors with high-quality training (i.e. medical graduates).

The tuition fee is approximately $59,800, but due to high competition, the acceptance rate is low.

3. University of Cincinnati

One of the largest pediatric hospitals in the United States is the University’s Teaching Hospital. Every year, approximately 40 different categorical pediatric appointments are made to the PL-1 class through the National Resident Matching Program.


Furthermore, the consultants, senior residents, and children (patients) provide a diverse range of high-quality clinical experiences to those pursuing a residency at the hospital.

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Out-of-state students are expected to pay $51,244 intuition, while in-state students are expected to pay $32,980.

4. John Hopkins University

Because of its medical school, Johns Hopkins University is one of America’s most prestigious universities.

It is made up of nine academic divisions that work together to form one research university. Graduates of the school excel in all aspects of medical and surgical practice around the world.

The tuition fee is approximately $56,600, but it may be higher depending on the pediatric sub-specialty you wish to pursue.


5. University of California – San Francisco

UC San Diego’s Department of Pediatrics is a major medical research center with a large teaching hospital.

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It is ranked fifth among the top pediatric residency programs in the United States.

6. University of Colorado

Colorado State University Boulder University is a public research university in Boulder, Colorado, United States.

They hope that their efforts will help faculty members set meaningful goals and pursue paths to successful, fulfilling careers.

Three Chief Residents and two Program Coordinators plan resident education and serve as liaisons between residents and faculty.


7. Baylor College of Medicine

Baylor College of Medicine has over 2,500 full-time medical staff members who are well-trained and experienced.

The application fee is $100, and tuition begins at around $19,425.

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8. Duke University

In this list of the top pediatric residency programs, Duke University is ranked eighth. However, it is the country’s third-best medical research school.

The residency program, like all of the other medical centers on this list, is full-time, and the application fee is $100. Durham, North Carolina, is the location of the school.


9. University of Washington

The Department of Pediatrics at the university has approximately 365 academic faculty members. For new interns, residents, and students, the Washington School of Medicine is divided into six colleges, each with its own lecturing doctor.

The school is ranked first among the best medical schools for primary care. Full-time in-state students pay $37,760 intuition, while out-of-state students pay $69,186.

10. Stanford University

Everyone knows that this list of top 10 pediatric residency programs can’t be over without mentioning the great Stanford University.

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Just like Harvard and John Hopkins, it is an elite medical center perfect for pediatric residency.

They also offer general pediatrics and all the pediatrics subspecialties you know of.


How Long Does it Take to Complete a Pediatric Residency Program?

In North America and some other parts of the world, residency typically lasts three years. However, if you choose to specialize in a specific area of pediatrics, such as pediatric cardiology or pediatric neurology, your salary may be higher.

If the doctor is practicing in the United States after three years of training and clinical residency, he or she will be eligible to take the American Board of Pediatrics examination.

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What Body Accredits Pediatric Residency Programs?

The main body in charge of accrediting all 199 existing Pediatric Residency Programs in the United States is the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).

The ACGME establishes the criteria for admission to any residency program in any of the 1000+ medical and surgical subspecialties.



Pediatrics is a fascinating and exciting field. One pediatrician claims that she is simply a humanitarian who is paid to be a child’s guardian angel and advocate for children’s health.


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